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European Monitor of Industrial Ecosystems


According to data from 2017, the social economy comprises 2.8 million enterprises in the EU27, 10% of all businesses, and provides over 13.6 million paid jobs in Europe (6.3% of the EU's workforce). Taken together, the proximity and social economy ecosystem is estimated to account for 6.54% of EU GDP. In past crises, the social economy has proven more resilient than conventional for-profit models, possibly due to its democratic governance model and more risk-averse nature. However, certain vulnerabilities remain in the ecosystem as demonstrated by the Covid-19 crisis, including limited security liquidity and recapitalisation options and a lack of digital agility.

The European Monitor of Industrial Ecosystems (EMI) project has produced its first yearly report on the Proximity and Social Economy ecosystem, highlighting data on its progress in terms of its green and digital transition across several dimensions, including industrial performance, environmental impact, technology generation and uptake, start-up trends, investments and funding, and skills.

The data collected and used for this report is also shared in the data package below, relating to the abovementioned dimensions. Wherever possible, the data package allows for time series analyses, as well as comparisons among industrial ecosystems, Member States, and between the EU and other major economies such as the US and China. 

Download the report

EMI PSE industrial ecosystem report.pdf
(2.73 MB - PDF)

Download the data package

EMI Data Package PSE.xlsx
(2.15 MB - XLSX)